Eid Milad Un Nabi Date
When we talk about the Islamic festivals, the first things coming into our minds are regarding the festivals like Muharram, Eid-ul-fitr, etc. The Muslims also observe the Eid-E-Milad-Un-Nabi which is a one of the grand festivities they celebrate. This is a festive occasion in remembrance of Prophet Mohammad. It is his death anniversary on this day, and so people commemorate the teachings of the Prophet Mohammad.
The Holy Prophet was born on the 12th day of Rabee-ul-Awwal in the year 570 Christian era. He was born in Mecca. Rabee-ul-Awwal is the 3rd month of the Islamic calendar. In the holy Quran, there are many citations regarding Milad-un-Nabi. Eid-e-Milad is also called Maulid or Mawlid. On this occasion, hymns are recited praising the Prophet. It is believed that listening o the hymns, people get blessed heavenly as well as wordly. There come two different communities under the Islamic religion; Sunni and Shia. The Sunni community believes that the holy Prophet Mohammad had decided to make Hazrat Ali as his successor on this day. While the Shia community are seen holding prayers for the entire month but they do not exercise grieving.
Mauled is observed in many countries and is celebrated in many different ways. People arrange processions and the homes and mosques are adorned very beautifully. Poetries and stories based on the holy Prophets’ life are recited in the mosques or at homes itself. After this prayers are held by the people and they worship the Prophet to seek his blessings. Sweets, food and other offerings are distributed amongst the poor people in the localities or the ones who come in the mosques for worshiping the Prophet. But Prophet Mohammad had never wished that his people should celebrate his birth or should practice mourning remembering his death.
Maulid is been observed since last thirteen centuries. It is a very important for the Muslims in India. People are seen offering namaaz and they also participate in the various rituals taking place on this day. At the Hazratbal Shrine in Jammu and Kashmir the souvenir of the Prophet Muhammad are seen displayed. The Hazratbal Shrine is situated at the banks of the river Dal and is the most significant sacred Islamic place. In some part of India, people even arrange processions.
The Muslims assemble in the mosques wherein the birth and the life of the Prophet Mohammad are discussed. His teachings are discussed as well wherein people seek the values that he had taught. They learn the holy Quran form scholars and read it very religiously.
The Muslims living worldwide are seen gathering at the Hajj on this holy day. There exists no other gathering in the Islamic history in such a large number and that too at an international level. But the Tbalighee Ijtima’ that takes pace annually in Bangladesh and Pakistan is seen attracting many Muslims as compared to the Hajj. Tbalighee Ijtima was started by Maulana Ilyas Gujrati a few decades ago. He had started the festive occasion in India but Milaud has thirteen hundred years of history. It has been planned to observe Tbalighee Ijtima on a fixed annual date as that of Milaud. The Muslims take part in both the gatherings actively and attend all the rituals very religiously.
One of the biggest mistaken concepts is that the Muslims consider the Imams and clergy of Madina and Makka to be the truest and the most correct scholars of the Islam. They believe the sayings of these never go wrong. The Madina and makka and many of the Muslim regions were ruled by the Sultanat-e-Usmania for seven long centuries. For these seven centuries, the Imams of the Masjid al nawabi Sharif and Masjid al Haraam used to arrange, celebrate and lead the celebrations of the Milaud festival. The Masjid al haraam in the Makka used to hold the largest gathering, but this exercise was soon discontinued after the revolution named WAHABI took place in the Saudi Arabia. The greatest celebration was observed in the Ottoman Empire at the Haram Al Makki and Madani.
The holy Quran says that ‘Whoever is guided—is guided for his own good. And whoever goes astray—goes astray to his detriment. No burdened soul carries the burdens of another, nor do we ever punish until we have sent a messenger.’
The Prophet Muhammad said, “Seven different kinds of people will be sheltered under the shade of Allah on the Judgment Day. Those seven kinds are: a just ruler, a young man/woman who passed his youth life in worshipping Allah one whose heart is attached to the masjid…two people who love each other for the sake of Allah…a man/woman who is invited to sin…but declines, saying ‘I fear Allah’ one who spends his/her charity in secret, without making a show and one who remembers Allah in solitude so that his/her eyes overflow (with tears).” – Riyadh-us-Saliheen, Hadith.
The Muslims in Saudi Arabia used to celebrate Milaud, i.e. the Prophet Mohammad’s birthday, without any misconceptions and limitations before the Wahabi revolution took place here. it is now been observed that many Muslims are seen travelling to Saudi in large numbers for the Umrah and Hajj. Many Muslims work in this region who come from various parts of the world. The people have a belief that whatever customs and rituals are practiced in the Makka and Madina are correct. The Wahabi revolution resulted in one of the major causes for the downfall of Khilafah Al-Islamiyah.