Happy Baisakhi Festival 2017 Bumper, Background
The fate of Baisakhi also has tremendous religious importance for the predominant Sikh population of the country as it is on a Baisakhi Day in 1699 that Guru Gobind Singh – the respect Tenth Guru of Sikhs laid the foundation of Khalsa Panth.
A festival of Baisakhi is generally commemorated on April 13, but once in each 36 years the fete is commemorated on April 14.
Joyful people of Punjab commemorate Baisakhi with exuberance and gaiety. High point of Baisakhi festivity is the performance of the cultural Bhangra and Gidda dance and the special langar served at Gurudwaras.
SIGNIFICANCE OF BAISAKHI
Baisakhi has a particular meaning for the Sikhs. Baisakhi fete is commemorated as the Sikh New Year and the founding of the Khalsa Panth.
On this day in 1699, their tenth Guru Gobind Singh arranged the order of the Khalsa and administered Amrit (nectar) to his first batch of five disciples making them Singhs, a martial group.
Again, on this day in 1875, Swami Dayanand Saraswati establishes the Arya Samaj-a reformed sect of Hindus who are loyal to the Vedas for spiritual guidance and have discarded idol worship.
This day is once again of immense devout import to the Buddhists since Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment and Nirvana on this favourable day.
STORY OF BAISAKHI
The story of Baisakhi fete started with the martyrdom of Guru Teg Bahadur, the ninth Sikh Guru who was publicly beheaded by the Aurungzeb, the Mughal ruler. Aurungzeb wanted to broadcast Islam in India.
The Brahmins of Kashmir approached Guru Tegh Bahadur (1621-1675), who was on the throne of the Sikh devout. They asked him for guidance on combating the atrocities loyal by the Mughal Emperor.
Guru Tegh Bahadur stood up for the entitlement of Hindus and Sikhs and the Mughals therefore saw him as a threat. Guru Teg Bahadur offered his life for the independence of conscience and conviction of anybody belonging to a faith other than his own.
Later the death of Guru Teg Bahadur, his son, Guru Gobind Singh became the next Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh wished to instill bravery and strength to oblation among his fellow men.
To fulfill his dream, Guru Gobind Singh is known in the historic Baisakhi Day congregation of Sikhs at Keshgarh Sahib near Anandpur on March 30, 1699.
The Fete of Baisakhi is commemorated with lot of joy and enthusiasm in the northern state of Punjab and Haryana. The farmers perform their own prayers and revel.
For on this day, they begin cutting their harvest. Dressed in their typical folk attire, both men and women, commemorate the day with Bhangra and Gidda. Sweets are scattered, old enmities are forgiven and life is full of joy, merriment and everybody seems to belong.
Fairs are arranged in different places in Punjab, where besides other recreational activities, wrestling bouts are also held. The moment is commemorated with great gusto at Talwandi Sabo, where Guru Gobind Singh stayed for nine months and done the recompilation of the Guru Granth Sahib.
The favourable day of Baisakhi is commemorated all over India though under various names and with different set of rituals. The People of Assam commemorate it as Rongali Bihu. The Rongali Bihu marks the agricultural New Year at the advent of seeding time and is commemorated as the fete of Merriment.
Bihar commemorates a fete in Vaishakha (April) and Kartika (November) in respect of the Sun God, Surya, at a place called Surajpur-Baragaon. This is essentially a village where, following to an ancient practice, people bathe in the shrine tank and pay obeisance to the Sun God while offering flowers and water from the holy river Ganga.
In West Bengal commemorate it as Naba Barsha. Naba Barsha is the festivity of Bengali New Year!! Naba Barsha in Bengal marks the first day of Baisakh. On this day people take a ritual bath in the Ganga and bedeck their houses with rangoli (floral patterns) drawn on the entry of their homes with a paste created of rice powder.
BAISAKHI (ALSO VAISAKHI, VAISHAKHI)
The fete is mainly commemorated in North India as the “Punjabi New Year”. The day of Baisakhi is considered one of the most significant days among the Punjabi community.
The Sikh people being the festivity by visiting the Gurdwara. It is also commemorated by other people. It is commemorated on the first day of Vaisakh, which usually falls on the 13th or 14th April each year.
Baisakhi is a harvest fete. This favourable day is very significant for the farmers. They will offer thanks to god and pray for the good crops in the future.
Baisakhi is a time for re-union of friends and families. Aged bless the younger generation. People also spread food and clothes to the poor people.
People of all ages wear new clothes and collect together to perform dance. This form of dance is popularly called as Bhangra.
Besides India, the fete is commemorated by Punjabis across Nepal, Pakistan, United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Srilanka.
CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS
The Joyful fete of Baisakhi is commemorated with lots of charm and gusto in the vibrant state of Punjab. People perform set Baisakhi customs and culture of the day with sincerity and loyalty.
Since Baisakhi is commemorated as the birth of Guru Gobind Singh – the Tenth Sikh Guru and the establish day of Khalsa Panth, major activities for the fete are centered on Gurdwaras – the Sikh place of worship.
As a harvest fete Baisakhi is commemorated in open fields with energetic Bhangra and gidda dance by gaily dressed men and women of Punjab.
WHEN IS BAISAKHI?
The favourable fete of Baisakhi is commemorated on the first day of Vaisakh month (April-May) following to the Nanakshahi calendar.
Hence, the fete of Baisakhi is also famously known as Vaisakhi. Following to Gregorian calendar, Baisakhi falls on April 13 each year and on April 14 once in 36 years. This difference in date is due to the fact the date of Baisakhi is reckoned following to the Indian solar calendar and not the lunar calendar.